Sissy Farenthold in 1968 became the 19th woman ever elected to the Texas House of Representatives, and the only woman among its 150 members sworn in for the 1969 legislative session.
Then 42, Mary Frances Tarlton “Sissy” Farenthold, a lawyer and mother of five, was elected from her birthplace of Corpus Christi. She soon was in some huge legislative fights, and ran for governor – twice – in 1972 and 1974.
And, was runner-up for the Democratic vice-presidential nomination in 1972.
Sissy, so nicknamed because her older brother couldn’t pronounce “sister,” died peacefully, surrounded by family members at her home in Houston September 26th, six days short of her 95thbirthday October 6. She died of complications from Parkinson’s Disease.
She came from a family of lawyers and progressive leaders, and lived up to her heritage. She campaigned for equal rights for everyone -- women, minorities, gays -- and for sexual freedom, abortion rights, and quality education.
After attending Corpus Christi High School, Sissy graduated from The Hockaday School in Dallas; from Vassar College at 19 in 1946; and from the University of Texas School of Law in 1949, at 22 – one of three women in a class of 800.
The law school’s library is named for her grandfather, Benjamin Dudley Tarlton, a former Texas House member, chief justice of the 2nd Court of Civil Appeals in Fort Worth, and distinguished professor at the UT law school, 1904-1919.
In 1950, Sissy married George Edward Farenthold, a Belgian-born immigrant, linguist, and World War II Army Air Corps veteran. Early in their marriage, she had five children in five years.
But not one to sit long on the sidelines, Sissy in the 1960s accepted a series of appointments and jobs in Corpus Christi. She served on the Corpus Christi Roman Catholic Deanery, the Corpus Christi Human Relations Commission, and as director of Nueces County Legal Aid.
She fought a legal battle to protect unrestricted shoreline
views in Corpus Christi, and helped establish the Organization for the Protection of an Unblemished Shoreline.
In 1968, a group of friends and local activists invited Sissy to run for the Democratic nomination for the House. She beat two men in the primary, and then unseated Republican incumbent Charles Scoggins in the general election.
In the House, Sissy teamed with the only woman in the Texas Senate, Barbara Jordan of Houston, to co-sponsor the Equal Legal Rights Amendment to the Texas Constitution.
Though only re-elected to the House for one more term, in 1970, Sissy nonetheless became significant in Texas politics. In January of 1971, the lid blew off Texas government.
It was revealed that Houston banker and developer Frank Sharp had engineered quick-profit stock deals in 1969 for top Texas politicians, including Gov. Preston Smith and House Speaker Gus Mutscher, to pass banking legislation Sharp wanted.
Farenthold and 20 other Democrats teamed up with nine Republican House members to call for investigation of what became known as the Sharpstown Stock Fraud and Banking Scandal. They were nicknamed “The Dirty Thirty,” though they grew to 35. Although a minority, they generated an enormous amount of publicity.
Mutscher was eventually indicted, and left as Speaker.
That set the stage for Farenthold to run against Gov. Smith in the Democratic Primary.
Also running were Lt. Gov. and former House speaker Ben Barnes, and rancher and former House member Dolph Briscoe, who had run fourth in a crowded 1968 Democratic primary when Gov. John Connally was retiring.
Smith was badly tarnished by Sharpstown, and less so Barnes, because the Sharpstown bill had passed the Senate on his watch as presiding officer.
The primary results reflected the damage.
Smith got just 8.8 percent. Barnes, 17.9 percent. Sissy’s
27.9 percent trailed Briscoe’s 43.9 percent. In the runoff, Briscoe outpolled Sissy, 55.3 percent to 44.7.
Sissy, no longer a House member, decided to run Briscoe again in 1974. But the public passion had cooled by the primary. Briscoe got 67.4 percent to Sissy’s 28.7 – meaning no runoff.
Although she had run second in 1972 for the vice-presidential nomination to Missouri Sen. Thomas Eagleton to be Sen. George McGovern’s running mate, and was the first president of the National Women’s Political Caucus in 1973, Sissy’s 1974 loss to Briscoe was her last run for elective office.
In 1976, she became the first woman president of Wells College in New York. In 1980, she returned to Houston, where she taught law at Texas Southern University and The University of Houston.
She was involved with many progressive groups to improve the nation and the world, and traveled widely to combat nuclear proliferation, apartheid in Africa, get college women involved in politics, and numerous other efforts to make the world a better place.
Dave McNeely is a statewide political columnist. He can be reached via email at firstname.lastname@example.org.